In addition to enjoying the delicious aromas and flavors of coffee, do you know what caffeine is for?
The history of coffee brings us the legend of Pastor Kaldi, as the first to scientify the effect of caffeine on the body. According to legend, the shepherd watched his flock consuming some fruit from a bush, and then noticed a certain euphoria in his goats.
He took the fruit to a monk, who brewed it and drank it. Faced with the wakefulness effect, he spent the night in prayer, conceiving that infusion as something sacred. This is just one of the stories that are told, but both coffee and the effect of caffeine have been objects of study by many scientists.
What is Caffeine?
Structural formula of caffeine
Caffeine is classified as an alkaloid of the xanthines group (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine).
It is present in the plant as a natural pest repellent, so its taste is bitter, to be recognizing as something toxic. Thus, it is one of those responsible for the bitterness present in the coffee flavor. Also in addition to the roasting of the beans.
Even with the characteristic of bitterness, to ensure that some insects (such as bees) act as pollinators, coffee flowers are sweeter, have a lower concentration of caffeine, but in sufficient quantity to act on the central nervous system of these insects, acting on your memory.
Thus, caffeine makes insects memorize and feel the need to frequently return to the coffee plantation, contributing to the pollination cycle.
Benefits of Caffeine
Caffeine is considered one of the most consuming drugs in the world.
Present in foods and drugs, it has high bioavailability.
The digestive tract entirely absorbs and distributes to tissues through the bloodstream. Therefore, its effect on the body peaks between 30 to 90 minutes after being consumed. But this can vary due to several factors, when ingested with other foods.
It acts in our body as a stimulant of the central nervous system, inhibiting adenosine receptors and raising dopamine levels.
Feeling of energy
Adenosine is a neurotransmitter responsible for slowing down our body. Also stimulating the feeling of sleep and fatigue, reducing motor activity and respiratory rate. Dopamine, on the other hand, acts on emotions and alertness, improves mood, increasing attention and cognitive capacity, fighting depression.
Therefore, caffeine brings this feeling of energy, as it alters the perception of tiredness, and increases well-being.
Diuretic action, slimming and much more…
It has a diuretic and thermogenic action (raises body temperature). And therefore can speed up metabolism and be a contributor to weight loss (allied to a balanced diet and physical activity). In addition, helping to reduce the symptoms of diseases such as depression, asthma, headache. Also prevention of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
Recent studies point to it as a preventive of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Now that you know what caffeine is, how about drinking a delicious organic coffee?
Try our Organic and Fairtrade Coffee !